For several workshops I’m attending and organizing, it is necessary to work with a “empty and fresh” Raspberry Pi Image. The good thing about the Raspberry Pi is, it is cheap. And it is very simple to setup … when you have an extra Monitor, Keyboard, Mouse.
But … sometimes you have enough chaos on your desk, and there is no space or equipment left, to setup up your Pi. In this case, it is helpful to setup this cool device “headless”.
Therefore I create a Tutorial to get started fast and easy without extra equipment, except a cable-connection to some network 😉
This tutorial is maintent on my GitHub-Page.
In this tutorial you will learn how to setup your Raspyberry Pi without keyboard, mouse, and monitor. Some of my other tutorials are based on this type of installation.
Step 1: Download Raspbian Image
Please download the latest version of Raspbian Desktop from the following website:https://www.raspberrypi.org/downloads/raspbian/
Step 2: Download SD Card Tool Etcher
To flash the image to your local SD Card please use the Etcher Tool.
You can download Etcher from this link: https://etcher.io/
The steps in the tool are very simple:
- Select image
- Select SD Card
Step 3: Prepare headless access to the Raspberry PI
The headless installation reduce the need of connecting a keyboard or a monitor to the Raspberry Pi. This reduce the cost of hardware, and the cable chaos on your desk. To be able to connect to the Pi, you need SSH, which is disabled by default. To enable it before the first use of your SD Card. You just need to create an empty file in the root folder of the SD Card.
Step 4: Start your Raspberry PI with the SD Card and find it on the network
Now you can put the SD Card into your Pi. Please connect you Pi to your local area network with a cable to get a valid IP-Address. And don’t forget to power on your device 😉
To find the IP Address of your Raspberry Pi, you can use the Advanced IP Scanner to get a list of all “devices” in your network.
Step 5: Connect via ssh
I’m using Putty for ssh. With the IP-Address, Username pi and Password raspberry, you’re ready to connect.
Change Password is strongly recommended
Everyone knows the password of a new installed Raspberry Pi, so please changed it directly with the command:
Step 6: Update to latest version of Raspbian
Maybe the image is a few days old. To get the latest and greatest version of Raspbian use the following commands:
$ sudo apt-get update $ sudo apt-get $ dist-upgrade
Step 7: Configure access for remote desktop
To access your Raspberry via another computer over a remote desktop connection, you can use vnc (which is already installed in the Raspian Image). But before using it, you have to enable VNC via the Configuration of the “Interfaces”.
After enabling VNC, a reboot is required.
Now you can access your Pi with the VNC Viewer from your local machine with the IP-Address you detected in Step 4.
You can install the VNC Viewer from here: https://www.realvnc.com/en/connect/download/viewer/
Step 8: Create Hostname
For an easier access to your Pi, you should assign an unique hostname in the Pi Configuration Tool. Default hostname is Raspberry, which could be very confusing, if you have several Raspberry’s in your network.
A reboot is required after this step.
Step 9: Create a Share for your source
To access the Pi via a file share, you have to install Samba. To do so, open a terminal window and type:
sudo apt install -y samba
To configure samba:
sudo leafpad /etc/samba/smb.conf &
First Change [global] section
[global] workgroup = WORKGROUP wins support = yes
The configure file share:
[pishare] comment=pishare path=/home/pi/ browseable=yes writeable=yes only guest=no create mask=0777 directory mask=0777 public=no
Save the file and exit.
Now add user “Pi” to the share and set file share password:
sudo smbpasswd -a pi
Restart samba server:
service smbd restart
Now you should be able to access the Pi over a file share in your Windows Explorer. Enter the following url in the Windows Explorer address bar. \\yourhostnamehere\pishare
If it doesn’t work, try \\youripaddress\pishare
DNS on Windows needs sometimes a while
Now you have a Raspberry Pi, which is ready to use with VNC and File Access with a share. This setup is used in the next tutorials.